Cryotherapy is very effective to decrease pain and edema.
The knee is immobilized in extension either by applying a brace in case of non-surgical treatment or by applying a cast after surgical treatment.
The limb is kept in an extended position and elevation to decrease the swelling.
Ultrasound therapy helps to break the adhesions and decrease pain.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) is given to reduce swelling and pain in the knee, also helps to improve muscle recruitment.
Laser therapy (LLLT) accelerates the healing of fractures and enhances callus formation.
Scar massage and mobilization:
Scar massage and mobilization help reduce scar adhesions and thus improve mobility around the scar.
Range of motion exercises:
The range is motion exercises are initially done in the inner range these include knee flexion, knee extension, SLR, etc.
Strengthening exercises include isometrics, isotonic exercises for quadriceps, hamstring, adductor, abductor, gluteal and ankle muscles. Resisted exercises with therabands are also given.
Initial weight-bearing exercise is usually limited to gently touching the toe to the floor, with a walker, crutches, or cane. As the injury heals and the muscles strengthen, gradually more weight is put on the leg.
Balance and proprioception exercises:
Balance and proprioception exercises are recommended on a wobble board or a bobath ball.