Cryotherapy or cold therapy reduces knee pain, stiffness, and swelling.
Thermotherapy or heat therapy improves blood flow, removes toxic substances, and decreases pain. It also improves flexibility and range of motion.
A knee brace or adding shock-absorbing inserts in the shoes can reduce pressure on the knees.
Using orthotics such as insoles or special footwear can also be helpful.
Therapeutic ultrasound helps to decrease inflammation and joint stiffness.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS) send electric stimulations, through pads placed on the skin, to relieve pain.
Interferential current therapy (IFT):
Interferential current therapy (IFT), is another electrical modality used to decrease pain and increase mobility.
Hydrotherapy is given by immersing the body for 15 to 20 minutes in water which causes the weight-bearing muscles to relax, by alternatively doing simple flexion-extension exercises range of motion is increased.
Manual therapy consists of several techniques like myofascial release, manipulation, and mobilization that increase the quality and range of movement of the knee.
Range of motion Exercises:
Range of motion exercises are started with PROM (passive range of motion) exercises of the knee and slowly progressed to active exercises.
Strengthening exercises are taught to restore strength, endurance, and agility. These include the use of weight cuffs, resistance bands, and cardio exercise equipment such as treadmills or stationary bicycles.
Physiotherapists use stretching techniques to gently move the joint and stretch the soft tissue. Daily stretching increases the range of motion and mobility.
Aerobic exercises like a stationary bike, speed walking, vigorous swimming, etc can also be done without stressing the knee joint.