Cryotherapy or ice therapy is applied to decrease spasms, inflammation, and pain.
Thermotherapy or heat therapy promotes blood flow and removes toxins.
Lumbar support is used for short-term support to limit the movement of the lower back.
Massage therapy like deep tissue massage helps to improve blood circulation and decrease inflammation.
Ultrasound uses sound waves, that stimulate the affected area and improves blood flow to the affected part.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS) promote gentle relaxation and decrease pain.
Interferential therapy is also recommended to reduce pain and inflammation.
Traction reduces the weight on spinal discs, alleviates pressure on the affected nerve, and relieves pain.
Laser therapy is another advanced electrical modality that enhances the healing process, decreases pain, and increases mobility.
Manipulation and mobilization:
Manipulation and mobilization, both techniques are used to break the adhesions, align the bones and improve mobility.
Strengthening and stabilization exercises:
These exercises include exercises to increase core muscle strength and support for the back. Back strengthening exercises are done for the trunk and all layers of the core muscles, which helps to support the low back and prevent excessive strain through the discs.
Gentle stretching of the lumbar spine and hamstrings are done to improve the flexibility of the back muscles.
Regular light exercises like doing simple range of motion exercises in water, walking in water, and swimming, are beneficial.
Balance exercises are taught to train the patient to show how the back should be while moving during various activities.