Cryotherapy is used as it reduces inflammation and pain.
Thermotherapy is used to promote blood flow and remove toxins.
Collar can be used for short-term support for the neck or lower back.
Massage therapy can be given to improve blood circulation and decrease inflammation.
Ultrasound uses sound waves to stimulate the affected area and thus improves blood flow to the part.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS) promotes gentle relaxation.
Interferential therapy is used to reduce pain and inflammation.
Traction reduces the weight on spinal discs, helps alleviate pressure on the affected nerve, and thus relieves pain.
Laser therapy helps to enhance the healing process, decrease pain and increase mobility.
Manipulation and mobilization:
Manipulation and mobilization techniques are used to break the adhesions, properly align the bones and thus improve mobility.
Strengthening and stabilization exercises:
These exercises improve core muscle strength and support for the back. For a sore back strengthening exercises are done for the trunk and all layers of the core muscles which helps to support the low back and prevent excessive strain through the discs.
Stretching exercises are done to improve the flexibility of the back muscles.
Balance exercises are taught for awareness to show how the back should be while moving during various activities.