Compression stockings help prevent swelling associated with deep vein thrombosis, these are worn on the legs from the feet to about the level of the knees.
Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Device:
Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Device helps to relieve edema and prevent blood clots. It uses cuffs around the legs with air and squeezes the legs. Thus increasing blood flow and preventing blood clots.
Massage therapy helps to stimulate a better response in the affected areas and helps to re-tone the damaged muscle and even suggests special compression techniques that will help the body to recover from the stress caused due to DVT.
Range of Motion Exercises:
Range of motion exercises is done to encourage circulation. e.g
Foot pumps: Place the feet flat on the floor, and then raise the toes towards the body and hold for a few seconds. Lower the toes and balls of the feet to the floor, then raise the heels and hold for another few seconds.
Ankle circles: Raise both the feet off the floor and trace a circle with the toes.
Leg raises: Raise the left foot off the floor. Straighten the leg slowly, and then return the foot to the floor. Repeat with the right leg. Alternatively, lift the knee to the chest, and then bring the foot back to the floor, repeat with the other leg.
Shoulder rolls: Though there are fewer chances to form a clot in the upper body, in case the upper limb is affected, then simply raise the shoulders and circle them back and down 5 times. Then reverse direction for 5 more repetitions.
Strengthening exercises are done with light weights and high repetitions. Strengthening exercises should not be performed after aerobic warm-up.
Stretching exercises can help to decrease deep venous thrombosis. It decreases muscle soreness and increases flexibility. The patient is recommended to hold the stretch for up to 30 seconds without moving.
Walking, swimming, dancing, hiking, and jogging can also help to improve the symptoms of DVT, including, discomfort and swelling.