Cryotherapy or cold therapy reduces soreness and inflammation.
Thermotherapy or heat therapy helps to manage any inflammation or swelling and pain.
Specialized taping of the big toe is done to improve the alignment and reduce pain. The physiotherapist recommends the best footwear for the condition.
Padded shoe inserts help to distribute pressure evenly while moving the feet, reduce symptoms, and prevent bunions from getting worse.
Orthotics and Devices:
The physiotherapist recommends foot orthotics, the use of splints or assistive devices, depending on the condition, and trains the patient to use them properly. These devices may include:
- Splints and toe separators are used to reduce pain and pressure on the big toe.
- Custom arch supports to help keep the foot and ankle in a proper position during walking.
- Assistive devices like cane, walker, or crutches can reduce pain and improve walking ability as they help to keep the foot and ankle in the correct position when walking.
Manual therapy is hands-on to help improve the position of the big toe. To reduce joint stiffness gently move the big toe and ankle and any stiffness of the surrounding tissues, and increase the big toe's bending range of motion. Soft tissue and joint mobilizations help to gently move the muscles and joints of the foot to improve movement, particularly in the joint of the big toe.
Deep massage increases blood circulation and removes toxins from the body.
Range-of-motion, stretching, and strengthening exercises are recommended to improve the alignment of the big toe when standing and improve walking patterns. An individualized exercise program is designed based on your specific needs.
Range of motion exercises:
Range of motion exercises emphasizes on walking and learning how to push off the big toe properly to reduce pain, and swelling and restore better bending of the big toe.
Strengthening exercises help to strengthen the big toe and ankle, and movement to restore normal walking ability. Targeted strengthening of the muscles of the big toe, ankle, and foot and strengthening of the legs and hips is included to address any muscle weaknesses or imbalances contributing to bunion development and pain.
Stretching exercises help to restore normal motion in the foot, toes, and ankle.
Balance training helps reduce the risk of falling and improves balance during movement.