Heat therapy has an analgesic effect causing relief from muscle spasms and increasing the elasticity of periarticular structures. Heat therapy can be used before exercise to gain maximum benefit for 10-20 minutes once or twice a day.
Ice is usually applied in active joints, it can be applied as ice, nitrogen spray, and cryotherapy.
Therapeutic ultrasound helps to stimulate the healing process by increasing blood flow and decreasing pain and inflammation.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation therapy is used to increase strength after the daily application of 15 minutes of TENS. It also helps in reducing synovial fluid and inflammatory exudate in acute arthritis and thus provides pain relief.
Interferential therapy is used to treat muscle strains, spasms, joint damage, and edema. Interferential therapy can provide relief from chronic pain, inflammation, and swelling.
Laser therapy is highly effective for pain relief, it causes a natural healing response from the body because it increases circulation and can break up calcified deposits in the joints.
Kinesio taping helps decrease pain and increase the function of the joints.
Manual or hands-on therapy helps manage arthritis symptoms. Two of the most common treatments include manual manipulation or mobilization and massage therapy.
Hydrotherapy can help to relax the muscles and ease the pain in the joints. Water supports the weight, which helps to relieve pain and increase the range of movement of the joints. Water can be used to provide resistance to moving joints by pushing the arms and legs against the water, this can also help improve muscle strength.
Exercises include passive range of motion, active range of motion, stretching, and strengthening exercises to increase range of motion, flexibility, strength, and endurance.