Muscle stiffness typically occurs after exercise, hard physical work, or lifting weights. You may also feel stiffness after periods of inactivity, like when you get out of bed in the morning or get out of a chair after sitting for a long time. Sprains and strains are the most common reasons for muscle stiffness.
· Sprains and Strains
· Polymyalgia rheumatica causes muscle pain and stiffness. It usually affects the upper body, including the shoulders, neck, and arms. It also commonly affects the hips. The average age of a person with polymyalgia rheumatica is 70, and some people do not develop it until they reach their 80s.
· Chronic fatigue Syndrome
Other common conditions that may cause stiff muscles include:
· Insect bite or sting
· Injury from extreme heat or cold
· Anaesthesia or medication used for surgery
Some symptoms can be treated at home. Make an appointment with your doctor if your sprain or strain causes severe pain or if any additional symptoms don’t go away. Stiff muscles with other symptoms may mean an underlying condition.
In addition to sprains and muscle strains, there are other conditions that cause muscle stiffness along with other symptoms.Tetanusisa bacterial infection, usually from soil or dirt, with symptoms that include:
· Difficulty swallowing
· Stomach pain or cramping
· Increased blood pressure
· Rapid heart rate
Meningitis is an infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord with symptoms that include:
· Stiff neck
· Sudden high fever
Nausea and vomiting