Rest can be provided by preventing walking and other activities that cause pain.
Ice is applied for 15-20 minutes, every 2 hours a day. At about two or three weeks following injury, both the pain and swelling subside.
The knee is kept in a knee brace or elastic bandage to compress the injured part.
Ultrasound therapy is used to reduce pain and increase the range of motion.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations are used to decrease pain and swelling.
The needs to keep the affected knee elevated to keep the weight off the joint.
Crutches are used to assist while walking.
Range of motion exercises:
Range of motion exercises is used to help restore motion in the leg and the knee. After these exercises advanced stretching exercises are done, thus helping increase the range of motion.
Stretching exercises like static stretching using a 30-second hold, relaxing, and performing 5 repetitions to hamstrings, iliotibial tract, and gastrocsoleus are recommended.
Strengthening exercises are recommended like quad sets, straight leg raises (to the front and to the back), hamstring curls, heel raises, heel dig bridging, shallow standing knee bends, etc. Isometric exercises progressed to isotonic and further isokinetic exercises are done gradually for strengthening.
Progressive resistive exercises (PRE):
Progressive resistive exercises are gradual self-resistive exercises with self-generated tension or graded resistance exercise with weight belts.
Balance exercises are used to enhance balance and equilibrium.
Plyometric exercise includes high-intensity training to cope with the high demands of sports activities. These exercises include jumping, running, reverse lunge knee-ups, squat jumps, clapping push-ups, etc.