Thermotherapy provides relief by increasing circulation and decreasing pain.
Cryotherapy is used to provide relief for sore muscles.
Ultrasound therapy works by passing the sound waves causing tissues to oscillate at a frequency that increases blood flow.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS):
This electrical modality stimulates the muscles through variable intensities of electrical current. TENS helps reduce muscle spasms and increases the body’s production of endorphins (natural painkillers).
Interferential therapy (IFT):
IFT helps to increase blood circulation, stimulates the spinal nerve, and reduces pain and inflammation.
A brace can be used temporarily used for relief. Though, wearing a brace for a long time can make the muscles weaker.
Massage uses the application of appropriate pressure, to reduce pain, increase blood flow, reduce swelling, promote tissue growth, and provide relief from muscle spasms.
Manual therapy reduces pain, and thus improves function by increasing the range of motion, e.g., manipulation, mobilization, etc.
Exercises include a simple range of motion like flexion, extension, side flexion, and rotation movements. Stretching exercises are done to decrease stiffness and pain. And also increase the flexibility of the lumbar spine. Strengthening exercises are recommended to regain the lost strength of the back muscles. These exercises include isometric exercises, isotonic exercises, and many more.