Stay off the injured knee, to protect it from further damage. For mobility, crutches are used.
Ice packs are applied to the knee for 20 to 30 minutes after every 3 to 4 hours for 2 to 3 days.
For compression, an elastic bandage is wrapped around the knee.
To elevate lie down and place a pillow under the knee to help reduce swelling.
Ultrasound therapy is used to reduce pain and increase the range of motion.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations are used to decrease pain and swelling.
Range of motion exercises:
Range of motion exercises is used to help decrease swelling and restore the range of motion of the knee.
Stretching exercises are held for 30-seconds, followed by relaxation and repeated 5 times, these stretches can be given to hamstrings, iliotibial tract, gastrocsoleus, etc.
Strengthening exercises include isometrics, isotonic and isokinetic exercises. Quad sets, hams sets, hamstring curls, straight leg raises, heel raises, heel dig bridging, shallow standing knee bends are examples of strengthening exercises.
Progressive resistive exercises (PRE):
Progressive resistive exercises are self-resistive exercises that are progressed gradually to self-generated tension and resistance exercise with weight belts.
Balance exercises are used to enhance balance and equilibrium by using a bobath ball or a wobble board.
Plyometric exercises like high-intensity exercises are used to meet the high demands of strenuous and sports activities. These high-intensity exercises include squat jumps, clapping pushups, reverse lunge knee-ups, jumping, running, etc.