Immobilization is recommended for several weeks after surgery to immobilize the knee, this can be achieved by wearing a knee brace.
The limb is kept in an elevated position to drain the excess fluid.
Ice therapy for 15 minutes every 4-7 hours will reduce the inflammation. Ice is applied to decrease pain and swelling.
Ultrasound therapy is used to increase circulation, drain out the toxins and thus decrease pain.
A physiotherapist uses various massage techniques to increase circulation and decrease swelling.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS) are used to reduce knee swelling and pain.
Iontophoresis uses mild electrical current to push anti-inflammatory medicine to the sore area. This treatment is helpful for patients who can't tolerate injections.
Kinesio taping is done on the backside of the knee and is proven to be effective in reducing inflammation.
For tightness and soreness, a foam roller is used to assist with any myofascial symptoms. The foam roller is not directly used behind the knee.
Range of motion exercises:
After aspiration or arthroscopic surgery, specific exercises are done to help improve range of motion, which also help to walk right after the procedure, but strenuous activity during recovery should be avoided. Range of motion exercises is done to regain full pain-free ROM. Examples of ROM exercises are heel slides by lying on the back and sliding the heel toward to regain pain-free movement, etc.
Strengthening exercises like quadriceps, hamstring, and gluteus medius strengthening are essential as their weakness can lead to poor knee biomechanics and cause pain and instability. Strengthening with weights can be limited initially to a pain-free range of motion, for this manual resistance, therabands and weight cuffs can be used.
Stretching exercises are used to enhance the flexibility of the lower limb. Stretching of the hamstring, quadriceps, patellar ligament, and of other structures around the knee are recommended.