Rest is recommended as it gives the body time to heal.
Cryotherapy helps to decrease swelling around the knee, Ice is applied on the area for 15 minutes, a few times a day.
A knee brace is recommended to support the knee, these devices help to relieve the pain.
Patellar tendon strap:
This strap applies pressure to the patellar tendon that helps to distribute force away from the tendon and directs it through the strap and thus helps relieve pain.
Therapeutic ultrasound accelerates tendon healing, augments tendon repair, and modulates tendon cell activity.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) is an effective electrical modality that helps to decrease pain and inflammation.
Laser therapy can help to accelerate tissue repair and cell growth causes faster-wound healing, reduces fibrous tissue formation, and increases repair and regeneration. It also helps to decrease inflammation and pain.
Shock wave therapy:
Shock wave therapy uses sound waves to heal the tendon and thus enhance the healing process.
Iontophoresis involves spreading a corticosteroid medicine on the skin and then using a device that delivers a low electrical charge to push the medication through the skin.
Stretching exercises can help reduce muscle spasms and lengthen the muscle-tendon unit. While performing the stretching exercises patient should not do a bouncing movement. These movements slowly increase the strength and flexibility of injured tendon tissues. More elastic tissue is less likely to tear thus stretching should be done regularly to make the muscles and tendons more elastic. E.g. Seated hamstring stretch, quad stretch, squats, supine leg lifts, etc.
Strengthening exercises are done for weak thigh muscles which contribute to the strain on the patellar tendon. Exercises involve lowering the leg very slowly after extending it, this exercise can be helpful, as they strengthen all the leg muscles in combination, such as a leg press.
Balance and proprioception exercises:
Balance and proprioception exercises are important in case the patient feels instability while walking. This can be achieved by recommending exercises to improve proprioception and stability.