Rest is recommended to prevent the injured area from any stress and to protect it from further injury. This knee brace, may be helpful to protect the ligament from further sideways movements can also help speed the healing process.
Ice applied immediately after injury to the injured area for 15 to 20 minutes at a time every hour can help reduce swelling and inflammation of the joint.
After cryotherapy, a compression sleeve is worn, this helps to control swelling and protects the knee.
Elevation promotes circulation of the blood back to the heart, this helps to drain the toxic substances as the injured tissue is broken down by the body.
Ultrasound therapy is used to reduce pain and increase the range of motion.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS) are used to decrease pain and swelling.
Range of motion exercises:
Range of motion exercises are started in pain-free ranges of motion. Physiotherapist teaches specific exercises to help restore function while improving strength and stability. E.g lie on the stomach with both legs straight, bend one knee up as far as possible, and then straighten out so it is straight again. Repeat this exercise 10-20 times in a pain-free range.
Physiotherapy helps to strengthen the muscles around the knee. E.g. take a resistance band and put it on the lower leg, feet should be kept hip-width apart, then squat down and step out with one leg wider than the hip-width, then bring afterward the other leg, return to hip-width. Repeat this exercise 10 times in each direction and should be done in a pain-free range of motion.
Stretching exercises are used to increase joint range of motion. E.g. bring the foot up towards the buttock with the same side hand, then push the hips forward and leg back, and feel stretch on the front of the thigh and hold it for 30 seconds repeat 3 times.
Progressive resistive exercises (PRE):
Progressive resistive exercises are recommended to the patient, these are gradual self-resistive exercises with graded resistance with weight belts or self-generated tension.
Balance exercises are done with the help of a wobble board which is used to enhance balance and equilibrium.
Plyometric exercises are high-intensity exercises used to cope with high demands like sports activities. Examples are jumping, running, reverse lunge knee-ups, squat jumps, clapping push-ups, etc.