Analgesic or pain relief medicines, anti-inflammatory (medications should not be taken without the doctor's permission)
Techniques used by the Physiotherapy
Thermotherapy can be used before the exercises to decrease the stiffness.
Electrical stimulation can be used as an adjunct with the exercises to re-educate the muscles and nerves.
Aero plane splint or abduction splint can be used to avoid a soft tissue contracture.
Mild and gentle massage is given to the affected arm to increase circulation, sensory stimulation, and decrease tightness.
Passive range of motion exercises are used to prevent the formation of contractures. The exercises help to maintain the range of movement in the joints to prevent stiffness and pain. Involved muscle groups can be exercised and re-educated.
The involved muscles are activated by assisted active movements by using sensory stimulus. Bilateral symmetrical PNF patterns may be included to achieve irradiation from the normal contralateral limb or the surviving strong muscles of the affected limb.
Strengthening exercises with weights and resistance can be used for muscle strengthening.
These exercises help to build up the joint movement and strength by assisting in the motion and also using water resistance for strengthening.
Crawling, climbing, swimming, and throwing activities can be included in the treatment session.