Non-operative treatment such as using a sling, cast, or splint is typically used when the bones are at low risk of displacement.
It involves casting or immobilization for 4-6 weeks, followed by mobilization and physical therapy. Temporary cast or sling with no mobility for the 4 -6 weeks is done. Physiotherapy is directed to increase motion and decrease the chance of getting elbow stiffness.
Cryotherapy is given to decrease the swelling.
Thermotherapy accelerates the rate of healing of fractures.
Ultrasound therapy is used to speed up the healing of broken bones. It also decreases the inflammatory response, which reduces swelling and decreases pain.
Range of motion exercises
To slowly increase the elbow range of motion physiotherapy is started by recommending weekly exercises. Activities to increase joint motion, muscle strength, and flexibility are started. These include passive range of motion exercises, active range of motion exercises such as pendulum exercises, shoulder wheel, pulleys, finger ladder, etc should be started.
Strengthening exercises include isometric exercises, range of exercises with minimal resistance gradually increases to maximal resistance exercises, and exercises with weights.
Exercise training so that the patient can return to work and actively do the daily activities.