Physical therapy is recommended to help relieve pain and maintain healthy mobility in the spine.
Cold therapy, also known as cryotherapy, slows circulation, helps to reduce inflammation, muscle spasm, and pain.
Heat therapy is also known as thermotherapy, helps to increase blood flow bringing more oxygen and nutrients to the area. Blood also removes toxic substances which are created by muscle spasms, thus helping in the process of healing.
Ultrasound therapy uses sound waves to treat degenerative disc problems. It is most commonly used to relieve pain and muscle spasms.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS) relieve pain, improve function and mobility.
Laser therapy provides a decrease in pain, inflammation and accelerates tissue healing.
This technique stretches the back, traction works to alleviate pain and relieve the pinched nerve. It can be given manually or mechanically.
Massage is given to decrease spasms and muscle tension that occurs due to stress. Direct pressure and friction are used to release the tension in the soft tissues like muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
Stretching exercises are recommended for muscles of the low back, hips, and pelvis. As tightness in the muscles places pressure on the spine and results in low back pain.
Strengthening exercises are recommended to the lower back and abdominal muscles, which help to maintain healthy postures and support the spine in a proper way. Strengthening exercise programs might include pilates, dynamic lumbar stabilization, etc.
Low-impact aerobic exercise
Aerobic exercises with low intensity elevate the heart rate to improve circulation, deliver nutrients and increase the oxygen supply to the parts of the body examples include stationary bike, aquatic exercises, walking, swimming and water aerobics, stationary biking, and running.