Cryotherapy or Cold therapy causes numbness resulting in the constriction of blood vessels, thus reducing swelling.
Thermotherapy reaches the connective tissue and muscles, improves blood flow, removes toxic substances, and decreases pain. It also improves flexibility leading to improvement in range of motion.
Ultrasound therapy helps to decrease spasms and reduce joint stiffness.
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS):
Transcutaneous electrical stimulations (TENS) sends tiny electric shocks, through pads placed on the skin, to relieve pain.
Interferential current therapy (IFT):
Interferential current therapy (IFT), is another physiotherapy modality that can be used to decrease pain and increase mobility.
Hydrotherapy helps increase range of motion by immersing the body for 15 to 20 minutes in water and allowing weight-bearing muscles to relax and alternatively do simple flexion-extension exercises.
Manual therapy consists of several techniques and stretches to increase the quality and range of movement of the hip.
Range of motion exercises
Range of motion exercises are started with passive movements of the leg and hip joint and progressed to active exercises.
Strengthening exercises are taught to restore strength and agility. These include the use of cuff weights, weight-lifting equipment, resistance bands, and cardio exercise equipment such as treadmills or stationary bicycles.
Physiotherapists use stretching techniques to gently move the joint and the muscles around it. Regular stretching increases the range of motion and thus increases mobility.
Aerobic exercises like cardio or endurance exercises, like speed walking, vigorous swimming, stationary bike, etc can also be done without stressing the hip joint.