Rest is recommended as a weight off the feet allows inflammation reduction.
Cold pads or ice therapy is used to reduce pain, swelling, and soreness of the toe.
Properly fitted shoes with big toe boxes, so that the shoes have ample space to accommodate the toes are recommended.
Supports and Pads:
Toe pads or insoles in the shoes can be worn while performing special toe exercises. These treatment steps encourage the toe to straighten while strengthening the toe muscles to become more flexible. Corn pads and foot straps are used to relieve some of the painful symptoms.
Splinting is done to keep the hammer toe straight, it stretches out the tendons and muscles of the toe.
Taping is used for milder cases where the affected toe is still flexible. A piece of tape is wrapped under the big toe, over the hammer toe, and under the toe next to the hammertoe to help keep it straight.
Stretching exercises use hands to gently stretch and move the affected toe, manually several times a day, increasing flexibility.
Range of motion Exercises:
Hammer toe is best treated by early intervention when the muscles and joints are still more flexible. The physiotherapist works on relaxing the area so that the joints can shift back into their natural location. Range of motion exercises helps to preserve flexibility and function in the joint. Examples of these exercises are picking up various small and bigger things using the toes is also a great exercise that can be done, picking up marbles and towels seem to correct the hammertoe efficiently, put a towel under the foot and use the toes to crumple it or another example can be toe-spread exercise, which can be also done.
Strengthening the joint by strengthening exercises helps preserve motion in the joint that can be lost because of prolonged joint stress.