The Exercise program is planned, structured, and performed to improve or maintain bodily movements. Effective exercise focuses on stretching with gradual progression to strengthening and reconditioning exercise.
Abdominal and diaphragmatic breathing is taught for relaxation.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS):
This treatment decreases fibromyalgia-related pain by blocking pain signals from reaching your spinal cord. It also reduces muscle spasms and triggers the release of endorphins (natural pain killers your brain produces).
Using sound waves, this treatment produces a gentle heat that enhances blood flow to deep tissues. Ultrasound can help decrease pain, inflammation, stiffness, and muscle spasms.
Heat deeply relaxes your muscles and gets blood to flow to the painful area faster. This therapy can be used with dry heat (eg, a dry, hot towel) or moist heat (eg, a moist, warm cloth).
Deep tissue massage:
A massage therapist uses pressure to decrease muscle tension and muscle spasms.
Myofascial Release (MFR):
Myofascial release (MFR) involves applying gentle, sustained pressure into the connective tissue restrictions to eliminate pain and restore motion. By going slowly and waiting for the body’s natural rhythm, the fascia responds by elongating, rehydrating, and reorganizing.
Strengthening and flexibility exercises:
Exercises help build muscle strength and flexibility. A gradual progression from low-intensity exercise, using the “start low and go slow” approach. To achieve at least moderate intensity. Strengthening programs should begin with lower resistance levels and progression should be done accordingly. The intensity and duration of exercise sessions should be reduced when significant post-exertion pain or fatigue is experienced, and the intensity increased by 10% after 2 weeks of exercise without exacerbating symptoms.
This treatment involves reducing your pain using water. For example, you may sit in warm water to relieve pain and muscle stiffness. Water-based exercises, aquatic therapy, or hydrotherapy) are exercises that are performed in the water.
Low-impact aerobic exercise:
This type of exercise is gentle yet highly effective. An example of low-impact aerobic exercise is water aerobics. Low-impact aerobic exercises, such as swimming, cycling, walking, and stationary cross-country ski machines can be effective fibromyalgia treatments.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT):
Behavior modification therapy (BMT) is a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) that aims to reduce negative, stress- or pain-increasing behaviors and improve positive, mindful behaviors. It includes learning new coping skills and relaxation exercises.