Physical Examination is done to check the symptoms along with the medical history.
Cognitive and neuropsychological tests:
Evaluation of cognitive functions like thinking skills, language skills, memory, orientation, judgment, reasoning, and attention is done.
Evaluation of memory, visual perception, language, attention, movement, problem-solving, senses, reflexes, balance, and other areas are also done.
Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are used to rule out stroke, tumor, bleeding, or hydrocephalus.
Laboratory tests are used to detect vitamin B-12 deficiency or an underactive thyroid gland that can affect brain function. Examination of the spinal fluid is done for infection, inflammation, or degenerative diseases.
Mental health professionals help to determine depression or any other mental health condition.