Neurological physiotherapy involves the treatment of people suffering from movement and function disorders due to problems within the body’s nervous and neuro-muscular system. for example, Traumatic Brain Injury or Stroke, Multiple Sclerosis, Spinal Cord Injury and Parkinson’s disease. The entire process includes the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of the patient suffering from a neurological disorder or issue. Treatment is provided in the form of neuro rehabilitation exercises by a Neuro Physiotherapist.
Neurological conditions require the following:
- Improve patients range of motion– many patients who seek neuro physiotherapy have suffered an unforeseen, acute injury or neurological issue. Many of these patients have experienced a loss in their range of motion.
- Help build muscle strength and improve movement– often when a person experiences a stroke, an injury to their spinal cord or nervous system, or suffers an illness such multiple sclerosis it is not uncommon for them to lose the use of a part of their body. When a person does not use a part of their body for an extended period, the muscle can begin to atrophy. To prevent the muscle from deteriorating the therapist will assist the patient in several exercises that will promote muscle growth and increase the strength of the muscle. This is often a part of therapy that takes the most time.
- Core stabilization – When a person experiences a spinal injury or is born with an illness that affects the spine their core is also affected. The spine is aided by the core of the body and aids in maintaining the other parts of the body.
- Motor control enhancement – People who suffer from neurological impairments often find they have either a decrease or loss in motor control. This can make their life increasingly difficult. A person’s motor ability is what allows them to perform life’s simple but crucial tasks. A person who has experienced a loss of motor control may experience; difficulty holding utensils, bathing, tying their shoe, getting dressed, and other tasks that many others do without a second thought. Improving this aspect in a patient is crucial as it drastically improves their life.
- Balance training – Stroke patients and people who have experienced other brain injuries routinely find they suddenly have a difficulty with their balance. Many people who experience brain injuries cannot walk for a period or discover they have trouble walking and when a person cannot walk, they begin to experience balance issues.
- Stamina – After a brain injury, a person often loses the ability to engage in needed cardiovascular exercise, such as walking and running. When a person does not get enough exercise, they begin to experience a loss of stamina.
- Prosthesis adjustment – Individuals who have lost a limb often find it very tasking to adjust to their new limb. Many find that its harder to adjust mentally to their new reality.
- Adjusting to daily assistant equipment– Individuals whose injury require them to use a wheelchair or crutches to walk may find it difficult to do so. The therapist can assist the patient in using the equipment in a way that would not inhibit their range of motion in a significant manner.
Neuro Physiotherapy objectives:
Neuro Physiotherapy aims to identify and maximize movement potential and your quality of life. Your treatment program is specific to you and based on your goals identified during your initial assessment session. These may include: education, training, posture awareness, strengthening, stretching, sitting balance, standing balance, and walking practice.
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